Urban development for economic growth was a universal strategy of the government of India under its 10th Five-Year Plan (FYP), 2002−2007, and 11th FYP, 2007−2012. The strategy was spearheaded by urban development schemes such as the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission and its subcomponent, the Urban Infrastructure Development Scheme for Small and Medium Towns.
In October 2007, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) approved a $273 million multitranche financing facility (MFF) for the Rajasthan Urban Sector Development Investment Program. The MFF or investment program was designed to improve the urban environment; promote ongoing reforms for sustainable, efficient, and responsive urban service delivery; and close the development gap in the state through in
In February 2007, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) approved a $620 million multitranche financing facility (MFF) for the Madhya Pradesh Power Sector Investment Program. The program was to support a time slice of the state government’s roadmap for upgrading and modernizing transmission and distribution systems, building on the successful unbundling of the state electricity board into separate i
Landlocked Bihar, in the middle of India’s Gangetic plain region, is one of the country’s poorest, most populated, and economically backward states. Its road network, during project appraisal in 2008, was poor in terms of coverage and condition, and strengthening it to support the state’s economic development was a high priority.