The government of Nepal recognizes information and communication technology (ICT) as one of the most effective means to overcome the geographic barriers posed by its harsh topography, especially its hilly and mountainous terrain, to the effective delivery of public services and poverty reduction, and sustainable growth, particularly in the rural areas. Despite this, the development of e-govern
Nepal’s challenging terrain makes air transport an important part of the country’s overall transport system. Air transport provides access to many remote mountainous areas and is vital to achieving the government’s tourism targets and resulting economic benefits.
In 2011, about 80% of Nepal’s population lived in the rural areas, where poverty rates were higher than in urban areas. The growth of agriculture, which comprised the predominant source of rural income and livelihood, was constrained by lack of value chain integration, as rural farmers were mostly subsistence farmers.
Despite a decade of conflict until 2006 followed by protracted political instability, Nepal, as of project appraisal, had made good progress in reducing poverty and achieving almost universal enrollment in primary education with gender parity.