Uzbekistan is a double landlocked country; however, with three Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) corridors crossing its territory, it is a key transit country for trade in Central Asia. Roads and railways are the dominant modes of transport, with railways vital for the bulk haul of minerals and freight, and intercity passenger services in urban areas.
In 2009, the government of Uzbekistan launched a program to construct new housing for the rural population throughout the country. The program was designed to reduce urban and rural disparities by increasing the living standards, incomes, and job opportunities in rural regions.
A380 highway, the main route between northwestern and southeastern Uzbekistan, is a regionally important road. Prior to the program, the condition of its pavement had deteriorated because of deferred maintenance and traffic increase.
Uzbekistan has been one of the most energy- and carbon-intensive countries in the world, with footprints on both over six times the global average in 2011. To address the situation, the government called for drastic increases in energy efficiency and the development and use of renewable energy.