Most of the rural poor in the Philippines belong to landless households in southern Luzon, Mindanao, and Visayas. Lack of equitable access to means of production, including land, capital, irrigation, technology, information, employment opportunities, and markets, underpins this deep rural poverty. Various governments have responded to this age-old problem, which has caused continuing rural di
In response to the devastating Haiyan or Yolanda typhoon in November 2013, the Philippines’ Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) utilized the existing Kapit-Bisig Laban sa Kahirapan (Linking Arms Against Poverty)–Comprehensive and Integrated Delivery of Social Services (KALAHI-CIDSS) system to support recovery and rehabilitation.
The Philippine Development Plan (PDP), 2011–2016 called for real gross domestic product (GDP) to grow by an average of 7%–8% per year; for investments to reach 22% of GDP by 2016, compared to 19.7% during 2011–2013; and for extreme poverty to decline to 17% by 2016 from 33% in 1991. However, years of underinvestment in infrastructure had put the Philippines at a competitive disadvantage compar
The Philippine Development Plan (PDP), 2011–2016 called for real gross domestic product (GDP) to grow by an average of 7%–8% per year, investment ratios to reach 22% by 2016, and a corresponding 17% reduction in extreme poverty. Recognizing the role played by investment in meeting the broader goals of inclusive economic growth and poverty reduction, the PDP targeted public infrastructure spend
The Philippines is an early leader in the move towards decentralized local governance and fiscal decentralization in Southeast Asia. As early as the 1970s, it explored various institutional and legal arrangements for central–local fiscal relations. In 1991, it passed the Local Government Code, providing an ambitious mandate for local governments to deliver public services.