Roads are the most important element of Azerbaijan’s in-land transport network and the country’s vehicle fleet was expected, as of 2007, to rapidly increase over the medium term. To expand the road network, as well as to rehabilitate/reconstruct sections that were in unsatisfactory condition because of inadequate maintenance funding and poor management of axle load control, the Asian Developme
In July 2006, the government of Azerbaijan developed its Road Network Development Program (RNDP), 2006–2015. The program aimed to improve the country’s road network, which was about 70% in poor condition, resulting in high transport costs, long delivery times, and traffic accidents. Such a condition constituted an impediment to non-oil sector growth and poverty reduction.
During the first decade after Azerbaijan regained independence in 1991, most roads in the country were in an unsatisfactory condition because of insufficient maintenance funding and the weak enforcement of vehicle axle–load controls. A large part of the road network consequently required reconstruction or rehabilitation.
During the first decade after the country regained independence in 1991, the quality and efficiency of water supply and sanitation services (WSS) in Azerbaijan declined because of poor management and inadequate investment.
In its state programs on poverty reduction and sustainable development for 2008–2015 and the socioeconomic development of the country’s regions for 2009–2013, the government of Azerbaijan committed to improving access to basic services.