Within the past 2 decades, Cambodia had transformed from a post-conflict country to a small, open and vibrant economy, growing by more than 10% in 2004 and maintaining a double-digit expansion through 2007.
In October 2008, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) approved the government of Cambodia’s request for assistance in responding to the crisis in food prices, deemed to escalate with the looming decline in food production due to the increasing prices of fertilizers and gasoline that could drive transport, irrigation, and other agricultural production costs higher.
After several years of civil war, Cambodia’s road network had severely deteriorated by the early 1990s. Government rehabilitation works, which started in 1992 and assisted by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and other development partners, brought the paved national and provincial roads to about 2,700 kilometers (km) by 2010, or around 23.7% of the entire national and provincial road network.
Many of the poor households in the provinces surrounding the Tonle Sap Lake would migrate seasonally to the lake and upland forests to meet their food shortfalls and supplement their livelihood in the villages.