The urban water supply and sewerage systems in Fiji’s capital of Suva had been reported as well developed in the 1970s and 1980s. However, system expansion had not kept pace with increasing demand, and system sustainability declined due to inadequate maintenance. Non-revenue water (NRW) increased from around 30% in the early 1990s to almost 60% by 2002.
In January 2009, continuous and sometimes intense rains caused some of the worst flooding in Fiji’s history. Flash floods affected many areas but were particularly damaging in the northwestern section of the main island of Viti Levu.