In February 2007, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) approved a $620 million multitranche financing facility (MFF) for the Madhya Pradesh Power Sector Investment Program. The program was to support a time slice of the state government’s roadmap for upgrading and modernizing transmission and distribution systems, building on the successful unbundling of the state electricity board into separate i
Landlocked Bihar, in the middle of India’s Gangetic plain region, is one of the country’s poorest, most populated, and economically backward states. Its road network, during project appraisal in 2008, was poor in terms of coverage and condition, and strengthening it to support the state’s economic development was a high priority.
India’s National Capital Region (NCR), covering the National Capital Territory of Delhi and parts of Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, and Rajasthan, is one of the world’s largest urban agglomerations. In 2011, it had a population of 46 million, which was projected to increase to 64 million by 2021.
Inadequate road connectivity has been an obstacle to economic growth in rural India. To address the issue, the government launched the Prime Minister’s Rural Roads Program (PMGSY) in 2000. PMGSY is expected to upgrade about 738,000 kilometers (km) of rural roads to an all-weather standard at a total estimated cost of about $30 billion.
At the request of the Government of India (GOI), the Asian Development Bank (ADB) approved in March 2006 a 4-tranche, $300 million multitranche financing facility (MFF) to help implement the Uttarakhand Power Sector Investment Program (UPSIP). The UPSIP aimed to meet the priority infrastructure requirements identified in Uttarakhand’s roadmap for state energy sector development.