Sindh is the second most populous province of Pakistan. In 2006, nearly half of its 38 million people lived in the urban areas. Poor quality, inadequate, and unreliable urban services and increasing urban poverty were key challenges, particularly in the secondary cities of Sindh facing rapid population growth.
Jiaozhou is a county-level city under the administration of Qingdao Municipality on the northwest coast of Jiaozhou Bay in the People’s Republic of China (PRC). Rapid urbanization and industrialization in the city began in the early 2000s.
During the first decade after the country regained independence in 1991, the quality and efficiency of water supply and sanitation services (WSS) in Azerbaijan declined because of poor management and inadequate investment.
Because of lack of job opportunities in the rural areas and prolonged conflict, Nepal experienced rapid urbanization from internal migration. Rapid urbanization resulted in inadequate urban infrastructure and services, including intermittent drinking water supply, poor water quality, and poor sanitation.
In its state programs on poverty reduction and sustainable development for 2008–2015 and the socioeconomic development of the country’s regions for 2009–2013, the government of Azerbaijan committed to improving access to basic services.