In December 2000, the government of India launched the Prime Minister’s Rural Roads Program (PMGSY) as a centrally sponsored scheme to provide all-weather access to unconnected eligible rural habitations. By improving the connectivity of these habitations, the PMGSY aims to accelerate agricultural and rural economic growth and thereby reduce poverty faster and in a more inclusive manner.
At project appraisal in 2009, accessibility was a major development constraint in Bhutan. The road network provided inadequate connectivity and coverage. Travel between the east and west regions relied on either a single national highway in the north or on Indian road connections south of the Bhutan–India border.
Under Vision 2030, the government of Pakistan plans to raise the ratio of trade to gross domestic product (GDP) to 60% from 30% in 2007. To achieve this target, it launched the National Trade Corridor Improvement Program (NTCIP), which aims to bring about better connectivity and trade facilitation through improved logistics, and consequently enhance export competitiveness and diversification.