Solomon Islands is a large Melanesian country, composed of 6 big islands, dozens of smaller islands, and several hundreds of islets and atolls. As of 2010, about 80% of its 500,000 people lived in the rural areas, in widely dispersed villages of a few hundred people.
In 2007, the port sector of Papua New Guinea (PNG) comprised 22 declared ports and many small wharves, jetties, and landing stages. However, only 5 of these ports had appropriate infrastructure and received international and coastal traffic. Lae Port was the most important port for international and domestic trade.