During 2000−2010, the People’s Republic of China (PRC) experienced double-digit economic growth and equally rapid growth in energy demand. Primary energy demand grew more than 110%, with carbon-intensive coal as the dominant source.
At program appraisal, the reliability of Bangladesh’s electricity supply was low and had become a major deterrent to economic development. By 2011, with more than half of Bangladesh’s population without access to electricity, improvements to electricity generation, transmission, and distribution systems were urgently required.
During project preparation, Sri Lanka’s power sector was struggling to meet the demand for a reliable and affordable supply of electricity and improvements to the electricity transmission and distribution networks were much needed.
During project appraisal in 2010, Shandong was the second largest province in terms of industrial outputs in the People’s Republic of China (PRC). Its energy supply depended heavily on fossil fuels—coal (71%) and oil (26%)—causing high levels of carbon emissions. Its industry sector consumed over three quarters of its total energy in 2009.
Sri Lanka’s power sector struggled to meet the growing demand for electricity at acceptable reliability and sufficiently low cost during the decade leading to this project’s appraisal in 2010. The transmission system was weak and substantial investments were needed to strengthen the network and improve its reliability.