Yap state, with a population of 11,400 during project preparation, is one of the four states of the Federated States of Micronesia. In 2013, it was 100% dependent on imported diesel for power generation on the main island. Due to high diesel costs, power tariffs were high, and the Yap economy was vulnerable to fuel price shocks.
The main purpose of the Gujarat Solar Power Transmission Project, funded by a $100 million loan approved by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) in September 20111, was to provide a high voltage connection from the Charanka Solar Park in Patan district of Gujarat to the state and national grids to the enable evacuation of solar power generated by the park’s privately funded solar farms.
Uzbekistan has been one of the most energy- and carbon-intensive countries in the world, with footprints on both over six times the global average in 2011. To address the situation, the government called for drastic increases in energy efficiency and the development and use of renewable energy.
During project appraisal in 2008, only 33% Nepal’s households were being served with grid electricity, and the country could not generate adequate power to totally meet demand. Nepal’s hydropower generation potential alone is estimated at 43,000 megawatt (MW) but the total installed generation capacity was only 615 MW in 2008.