The Education Sector Development Program (ESDP) of Sri Lanka, the first Asian Development Bank (ADB) program to use the results-based lending (RBL) modality, was approved in June 2013 for $200 million. It supported selected result areas of the government’s Education Sector Development Framework and Program (ESDFP), 2013–2017, which aimed to transform the school education system to create the h
During project preparation, Bangladesh was one of the few countries that achieved gender parity up to secondary level. Net enrollment rates improved from 87.2% in 2005 to 93.9% in 2009. However, despite significant progress, primary education remained inadequate to ensure quality primary education for all children on a sustainable basis.
The World Risk Report 2012 ranked Tonga, a country of 176 islands and four island groups, second only to Vanuatu in terms of vulnerability to natural disasters. Natural disasters such as tropical cyclones and storm surges have been inflicting significant losses on Tonga’s economy while also depleting its cash reserves.
At project appraisal in 2007, 35% of Samoa’s population worked overseas and remittances constituted 17% of the gross national income. Because of this, the government deemed it important to introduce the use of information and communication technology (ICT) at secondary education level.
Viet Nam’s rapid economic growth during 2000–2010 resulted in structural changes that transformed the country from being heavily dependent on agriculture to becoming more modern and industrialized. These changes in turn led to an increasing demand for a more educated and highly skilled workforce that meets the requirements of a rapidly growing economy.