Investments to strengthen regional cooperation and integration (RCI) in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) have helped catalyze economic growth among GMS countries. However, enhanced connectivity and the movement of people within and across borders created increased vulnerabilities for the transmission of infectious diseases, including HIV/AIDS.
Successful communicable disease control not only depends on strong national surveillance and preventive efforts but also on the collective actions of neighboring countries to coordinate monitoring and response.
Viet Nam has made notable progress in reducing poverty and improving the health status of its citizens. Despite this, significant disparities in access to health services and health status continue to be observed across geographic regions and population subgroups.
Until project appraisal in 2008, Viet Nam’s public health sector was burdened with aged, physically degraded, and poorly equipped infrastructure. Congestion in the provincial facilities was common as patients bypassed less equipped district− and commune−level facilities. Provincial health staff knowledge and skills also needed improvement.