Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Kyrgyz Republic has made significant progress in adopting market-based reforms, with private sector development as the key engine of growth. Nevertheless, growth has occurred largely from natural resource exploitation and remittances-backed private consumption.
Maldives, a South Asian country of 1,190 islands grouped in 26 atolls and spread over 90,000 square kilometers in the Indian Ocean, graduated to middle-income status in 2011. After 30 years of presidency, it transitioned to a parliamentary democracy in 2005, and in 2008, had a new constitution ratified, paving the way for the first multi-party presidential elections.
A healthy level of private investment is essential for Viet Nam to achieve the 7%–8% annual economic growth rate and the 8 million new jobs it has targeted under the Socio-Economic Development Strategy, 2011–2020. Increasingly, such contribution is expected to come from the domestic private sector, largely composed of small and medium−sized enterprises (SMEs).