The Citarum River Basin (CRB) in West Java, Indonesia is considered by the government as the most strategic river basin in the country. As of 2008, it provided 80% of Jakarta’s water supply, supported more than 28 million people and 20% of the country’s industrial output, produced 1,400 megawatts of hydropower, and irrigated close to 400,000 hectares that produced 5% of Indonesia' rice.
In January 2007, the Asian Development Bank (ADB), at the request of the government of the Philippines, approved a $33.8 million loan, and a $9.0 million grant from the Global Environment Facility (GEF) it administers, for the Integrated Coastal Resources Management Project.
In October 2008, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) approved the government of Cambodia’s request for assistance in responding to the crisis in food prices, deemed to escalate with the looming decline in food production due to the increasing prices of fertilizers and gasoline that could drive transport, irrigation, and other agricultural production costs higher.
Accounting for 30% of Viet Nam’s natural forest area in 2005, the Central Highlands Region is a biodiversity hotspot and the watershed of several important rivers. However, it was also the country’s second poorest region at the time, with poverty levels as high as 57% among ethnic minority groups that made up 23% of its population.
The People’s Republic of China (PRC) has some of the worst land degradation in the world, with more than 40% of its land area, or about 3 million square kilometers (km2), adversely affected in 2005. The vast western region, which accounts for 71% of the PRC’s land area, with a population of more than 350 million at the time, including many of the country’s poorest and most vulnerable, was sign