In 2009, Indonesia’s vertically integrated, state electricity company, Perusahaan Listrik Negara (PLN) had an ambitious plan to invest about $1.2 billion in the electricity distribution sector during 2010−2014 to reduce distribution losses and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. PLN intended a large part of this plan to be financed by loans from bilateral and multilateral partners.
In mid−2000s, Madhya Pradesh in central India suffered from high electricity losses and poor service levels due to antiquated electrical distribution systems, particularly in the rural areas. This was the result of many years of insufficient funding for the expansion and maintenance of the systems.
In 2004, the Government of India set the target of installing an additional 100,000 megawatts (MW) of generation capacity to provide electricity access to all households by 2012. Without improving the national transmission grid, transmission bottlenecks could worsen with increased generation capacity.
Rising from the tremendous physical damage and human losses wrought by a prolonged civil war that followed the disintegration of the former Soviet Union, Tajikistan more than halved the poverty incidence from 83% in 1999 to 41% in 2007. Its economy had grown substantially, with real gross domestic product expanding at an annual average of 7.5% in 2006−2008.
At the request of the Government of India (GOI), the Asian Development Bank (ADB) approved in March 2006 a 4-tranche, $300 million multitranche financing facility (MFF) to help implement the Uttarakhand Power Sector Investment Program (UPSIP). The UPSIP aimed to meet the priority infrastructure requirements identified in Uttarakhand’s roadmap for state energy sector development.