Sindh is the second most populous province in Pakistan. In 2006, it had a total 38 million people, nearly half of whom lived in the urban areas. Karachi and Hyderabad, the province’s two largest cities, accounted for about 70% of the urban population.
The macroeconomic environment in Nepal became upbeat, as peace set in after a decade−long conflict. Gross domestic product grew by 4.7% in 2008. Poverty incidence fell from 42% in 1996 to 31% in 2004. Nevertheless, until subprogram 2 preparation in 2009, severe poverty had persisted in various parts of the country and economic growth had been uneven.
Nomadic and rural Mongolia has experienced rapid urbanization since 1950, which accelerated during the transition from central planning to a market-based economy in the early 1990s. A series of harsh winters or dzuds resulted in large numbers of livestock deaths, damaging herders’ livelihoods.