Thanh Hoa City is the capital and only major urban center of Viet Nam’s third largest but second poorest and second most populous province of Thanh Hoa. With a population of 200,000 in 2008, rising by 1.9% per year, it was one of the 11 class II secondary cities targeted by government for development to limit migration to Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City.
Armenia is a landlocked country in the mountainous region of Caucasus between Asia and Europe. Following the recession triggered by the 2009 global financial crisis, its gross domestic product (GDP) contracted by 14.1%, the economy grew at an average 4.7% from 2010 to 2012 before declining to an average of 3.3% from 2013 to 2015.
In August 2008, a massive flood on the Koshi River in Nepal breached its east embankment, damaging a vast area of farmlands and standing crops in the Sunsari district in the eastern region. Less than a month later, incessant heavy rains caused severe landslides and flooding, ravaging the Kailali and Kanchanpur districts in the far western region.
In April 2010, the Kyrgyz Republic experienced political disturbances resulting in several deaths and injuries, substantial property damage, and a change in government. Two months after, community violence erupted with even greater casualties, internal displacements, and physical losses.
In 2009, Uzbekistan’s government launched the Rural Housing Scheme (RHS) to jumpstart the development of the rural housing finance market. The RHS channeled rural savings into housing investments and utilized local contractors and construction materials to generate jobs and stimulate the construction industry.