Nepal’s transition to democracy, following the end of a decade-long civil conflict in April 2006, had been complex and sometimes halting because of the deep ideological, social, and economic divisions that propelled the conflict.
In 2014, Kazakhstan experienced two external shocks that impacted economic growth, revenue performance, and the government’s ability to reduce the effects through countercyclical expenditures. The first comprised spillover effects from the economic slowdown and uncertain situation of the Russian Federation, which triggered a downward adjustment in the tenge exchange rate.
In April 2010, the Kyrgyz Republic experienced political disturbances resulting in several deaths and injuries, substantial property damage, and a change in government. Two months after, community violence erupted with even greater casualties, internal displacements, and physical losses.