Kiribati is one of the most remote countries in the world. It consists of 33 small coral islands, dispersed over 3.5 million square kilometers of ocean. It has only one main road connecting the eastern and western islands. This main road runs the length of the extremely narrow and densely populated South Tarawa atoll.
Uzbekistan is a landlocked country providing a key transit point for Central Asian countries looking to trade among themselves as well as the rest of Asia and Europe. As with other landlocked developing countries, it has faced several challenges in connectivity, logistics, and access to sustainable modes of transport.
Solomon Islands is a large Melanesian country, composed of 6 big islands, dozens of smaller islands, and several hundreds of islets and atolls. As of 2010, about 80% of its 500,000 people lived in the rural areas, in widely dispersed villages of a few hundred people.
Kazakhstan, located at the center of transport flows between Asia and Europe, provides strategic arteries for emerging transcontinental routes. It has a great transit potential, as few land transport routes can avoid the country when going north to south or east to west of the two continents via Central Asia.
Landlocked Heilongjiang is the northernmost and 6th largest province of the People’s Republic of China (PRC). It borders the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in the west, the Russian Federation in the north and east, and the Jilin province in the south. It used to be a manufacturing base of products such as petroleum, coal, power plant equipment, metals, heavy machinery, steel, and wood.