Under Vision 2030, the government of Pakistan plans to raise the ratio of trade to gross domestic product (GDP) to 60% from 30% in 2007. To achieve this target, it launched the National Trade Corridor Improvement Program (NTCIP), which aims to bring about better connectivity and trade facilitation through improved logistics, and consequently enhance export competitiveness and diversification.
Beijing and Tianjin municipalities and Hebei province make up the economically important Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei (BTH) region in the northern part of the People’s Republic China (PRC). Home to 109.2 million people, the region generated 10% of national gross domestic product (GDP) in 2013. It is an engine of PRC’s socioeconomic development, but poor air quality jeopardizes sustainable growth.
While Sri Lanka’s road density, at project appraisal in 2005, was higher than that of many developing countries, because of poor quality and condition, its road network was incapable of meeting the rapidly growing freight and passenger traffic.
After several years of civil war, Cambodia’s road network had severely deteriorated by the early 1990s. Government rehabilitation works, which started in 1992 and assisted by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and other development partners, brought the paved national and provincial roads to about 2,700 kilometers (km) by 2010, or around 23.7% of the entire national and provincial road network.