Thanh Hoa City is the capital and only major urban center of Viet Nam’s third largest but second poorest and second most populous province of Thanh Hoa. With a population of 200,000 in 2008, rising by 1.9% per year, it was one of the 11 class II secondary cities targeted by government for development to limit migration to Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City.
Armenia is a landlocked country in the mountainous region of Caucasus between Asia and Europe. Following the recession triggered by the 2009 global financial crisis, its gross domestic product (GDP) contracted by 14.1%, the economy grew at an average 4.7% from 2010 to 2012 before declining to an average of 3.3% from 2013 to 2015.
In April 2010, the Kyrgyz Republic experienced political disturbances resulting in several deaths and injuries, substantial property damage, and a change in government. Two months after, community violence erupted with even greater casualties, internal displacements, and physical losses.
Urbanization in Bangladesh had been increasing at a rate of 6% per year since 1971. As of 2005, an estimated 38 million people or 27% of the total population lived in urban areas. Despite significant progress in poverty reduction, 37% of the urban population were below the poverty line in the 1990s.
Sindh is the second most populous province in Pakistan. In 2006, it had a total 38 million people, nearly half of whom lived in the urban areas. Karachi and Hyderabad, the province’s two largest cities, accounted for about 70% of the urban population.