Despite a decade of conflict until 2006 followed by protracted political instability, Nepal, as of project appraisal, had made good progress in reducing poverty and achieving almost universal enrollment in primary education with gender parity.
During the first decade after Azerbaijan regained independence in 1991, most roads in the country were in an unsatisfactory condition because of insufficient maintenance funding and the weak enforcement of vehicle axle–load controls. A large part of the road network consequently required reconstruction or rehabilitation.
Jiangxi, an underdeveloped province in the southeast-central part of the People’s Republic of China (PRC), is 78% mountains and hills. Forestry plays an important role in its economic development and environmental sustainability, however, about 1.5 million of its 10.6 million hectares (ha) designated forestland was barren or low yielding, as of project appraisal. Underutilization of the fores
Dhaka and Chattogram (formerly Chittagong) are the two major metropolitan areas of Bangladesh. The Dhaka–Chattogram corridor is central to the country’s economy as it generates almost 50% of the national gross domestic product and handles about 80% of international maritime trade. The 250-kilometer (km), two-lane National Highway N1 is the only major road that connects Dhaka to Chattogram.
Taking a cautious approach to address gender-based violence (GBV), which is a non-traditional area for Asian Development Bank (ADB) assistance, ADB approved a grant of $750,000 from the Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction (JFPR) for a pilot project on Establishing Women and Children Service Centers (WCSCs) in Nepal in July 2009.