Chongqing, a municipality in the southwest portion of the People’s Republic of China (PRC), comprises 26 districts, 8 counties, and 4 autonomous counties. It covers a large area crossed by rivers and mountains, and has a large geological massif of mountains and hills, with large sloping areas at different heights.
Sindh is the second most populous province of Pakistan. In 2006, nearly half of its 38 million people lived in the urban areas. Poor quality, inadequate, and unreliable urban services and increasing urban poverty were key challenges, particularly in the secondary cities of Sindh facing rapid population growth.
Jiaozhou is a county-level city under the administration of Qingdao Municipality on the northwest coast of Jiaozhou Bay in the People’s Republic of China (PRC). Rapid urbanization and industrialization in the city began in the early 2000s.
In April 2014, prolonged heavy rainfall associated with tropical cyclone Ita caused severe flooding in the Solomon Islands’ capital, Honiara, and the surrounding Guadalcanal province on Guadalcanal island. The storm damaged or destroyed roads, bridges, houses, water supply systems, and other major infrastructure. The government declared a state disaster for Honiara and all of Guadalcanal.
Yap state, with a population of 11,400 during project preparation, is one of the four states of the Federated States of Micronesia. In 2013, it was 100% dependent on imported diesel for power generation on the main island. Due to high diesel costs, power tariffs were high, and the Yap economy was vulnerable to fuel price shocks.