In 2006, only about 46% of Viet Nam’s rural population had access to clean water, and water was not available throughout the year. About 83% had latrines, but only 48% of these were hygienic, by government standards. Knowledge of individual sanitation remained poor.
Nepal’s transition to democracy, following the end of a decade-long civil conflict in April 2006, had been complex and sometimes halting because of the deep ideological, social, and economic divisions that propelled the conflict.
Since embarking on a modernization process in 1961, Bhutan has faced increasing urban migration due to limited opportunities in the rural areas. If trends continue, close to half of the country’s population may reside in the urban centers by 2020, increasing the pressure on already strained urban infrastructure and services.
Owing to economic and institutional reforms and sound macroeconomic policies, Georgia’s economy grew at an annual average of nearly 6% between 2004 and 2013. Reforms that strengthened public finances, improved business climate, fought corruption, liberalized trade, and upgraded infrastructure led to an impressive annual average growth of more than 9% between 2004 and 2008.
Nauru is a tiny island country northeast of Australia. In recent years, it had received substantial unanticipated windfall income following the reopening of the Regional Processing Center and a significant increase in fisheries revenue and high levels of development assistance.