Limited access to medium-term credit has long been a key constraint in the development of Kazakhstan’s small and medium enterprises (SMEs), restraining their ability to exploit investment opportunities, increase employment, and contribute to sustainable growth. To help address this constraint, the Asian Development Bank (ADB), approved in September 2010 a multitranche financing facility (MFF)
Within the past 2 decades, Cambodia had transformed from a post-conflict country to a small, open and vibrant economy, growing by more than 10% in 2004 and maintaining a double-digit expansion through 2007.
Besides public sector jobs, the micro, small, and medium enterprise (MSME) sector is deemed crucial in ensuring women’s economic participation in Armenia. Notwithstanding this, women MSMEs comprised only 32% of the registered MSMEs in 2012. This low ratio was attributable to women’s lack of business skills, knowledge, confidence, and access to networks and credit.
At project preparation in 2012, women and rural small businesses in Uzbekistan had limited access to credit, restricting their growth and capacity to become more efficient and profitable, and thus contribute more fully to overall economic growth and development. While this was largely due to small businesses’ inability to meet high collateral requirements, weak institutional capacity especiall
Accounting for 30% of Viet Nam’s natural forest area in 2005, the Central Highlands Region is a biodiversity hotspot and the watershed of several important rivers. However, it was also the country’s second poorest region at the time, with poverty levels as high as 57% among ethnic minority groups that made up 23% of its population.