Nauru is a tiny island country northeast of Australia. In recent years, it had received substantial unanticipated windfall income following the reopening of the Regional Processing Center and a significant increase in fisheries revenue and high levels of development assistance.
Since embarking on a modernization process in 1961, Bhutan has faced increasing urban migration due to limited opportunities in the rural areas. If trends continue, close to half of the country’s population may reside in the urban centers by 2020, increasing the pressure on already strained urban infrastructure and services.
Nepal’s transition to democracy, following the end of a decade-long civil conflict in April 2006, had been complex and sometimes halting because of the deep ideological, social, and economic divisions that propelled the conflict.