Following the1997–1998 Asian financial crisis, Indonesia became highly aware of the need to deepen and diversify its finance sector. Under the Medium-Term Development Plan, 2004–2009 and the subsequent National Medium-term Development Plan, 2010–2014, the government thus committed to developing the country’s capital market and nonbank finance subsector.
In mid−2000s, Madhya Pradesh in central India suffered from high electricity losses and poor service levels due to antiquated electrical distribution systems, particularly in the rural areas. This was the result of many years of insufficient funding for the expansion and maintenance of the systems.
In 2004, the Government of India set the target of installing an additional 100,000 megawatts (MW) of generation capacity to provide electricity access to all households by 2012. Without improving the national transmission grid, transmission bottlenecks could worsen with increased generation capacity.