Thanh Hoa City is the capital and only major urban center of Viet Nam’s third largest but second poorest and second most populous province of Thanh Hoa. With a population of 200,000 in 2008, rising by 1.9% per year, it was one of the 11 class II secondary cities targeted by government for development to limit migration to Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City.
In 2009, Indonesia’s vertically integrated, state electricity company, Perusahaan Listrik Negara (PLN) had an ambitious plan to invest about $1.2 billion in the electricity distribution sector during 2010−2014 to reduce distribution losses and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. PLN intended a large part of this plan to be financed by loans from bilateral and multilateral partners.
The project line is a section of the Eastern Economic Corridor of the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) Economic Cooperation Program. It opened in the early 1900s and runs for about 285 kilometers (km) northwest from Hanoi to Lao Cai City on the border with Yunnan province in the People’s Republic of China (PRC).
In August 2008, a massive flood on the Koshi River in Nepal breached its east embankment, damaging a vast area of farmlands and standing crops in the Sunsari district in the eastern region. Less than a month later, incessant heavy rains caused severe landslides and flooding, ravaging the Kailali and Kanchanpur districts in the far western region.
After rapidly increasing for 3 decades, Thailand’s growth had slowed in the years prior to project appraisal in 2009. Reinvigorating growth by strengthening competitiveness thus became the centerpiece of the government’s economic policy.