Intensive coal production for local industrial and residential consumption as well as to generate electricity exports to other provinces has brought about severe air pollution in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (IMAR) in the People’s Republic of China (PRC).
Kazakhstan, located at the center of transport flows between Asia and Europe, provides strategic arteries for emerging transcontinental routes. It has a great transit potential, as few land transport routes can avoid the country when going north to south or east to west of the two continents via Central Asia.
After rapidly increasing for 3 decades, Thailand’s growth had slowed in the years prior to project appraisal in 2009. Reinvigorating growth by strengthening competitiveness thus became the centerpiece of the government’s economic policy.
Agriculture has always been an important sector of India’s economy. In 2009, it contributed 16% of the country’s gross domestic product, and in 2010, employed 53% of its workforce. Over a decade before project appraisal in 2010, however, sector performance had been below government targets due to lack of infrastructure, weak backward-forward linkages, and inadequate production capital.
Rapid economic development, increasing industrialization, and greater access to electricity in Viet Nam had led to an average 13.5% annual growth in electricity demand from 2002 to 2007. To meet this rising demand, the government had taken major steps to develop the energy sector and, since 2000, had embarked on harnessing more environmentally sustainable energy sources.