Intensive coal production for local industrial and residential consumption as well as to generate electricity exports to other provinces has brought about severe air pollution in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (IMAR) in the People’s Republic of China (PRC).
In 2006, Sanmenxia municipality in the Henan province of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) witnessed its highest economic growth rate since 1997. Gross domestic product (GDP) rose by 16.5% over 2005. Per capita GDP exceeded both the provincial and national averages. A key factor was the high domestic and export demand for fruits and fruit products.
Since embarking on a modernization process in 1961, Bhutan has faced increasing urban migration due to limited opportunities in the rural areas. If trends continue, close to half of the country’s population may reside in the urban centers by 2020, increasing the pressure on already strained urban infrastructure and services.
Located near the big rivers of Xunjiang and Guijiang, Wuzhou has served for centuries as a gateway city and a regional transportation hub. It connects, particularly by river transportation, the People’s Republic of China’s (PRC) Guangxi province on the border with Viet Nam, with national and international markets.
In 2014, Kazakhstan experienced two external shocks that impacted economic growth, revenue performance, and the government’s ability to reduce the effects through countercyclical expenditures. The first comprised spillover effects from the economic slowdown and uncertain situation of the Russian Federation, which triggered a downward adjustment in the tenge exchange rate.