At program appraisal, limited access to medium-term credit constrained the growth of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in Kazakhstan. To help address the challenge, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) approved a $500 million multitranche financing facility (MFF) for the Small and Medium Enterprise Investment Program, in September 2010.
The government of Nepal recognizes information and communication technology (ICT) as one of the most effective means to overcome the geographic barriers posed by its harsh topography, especially its hilly and mountainous terrain, to the effective delivery of public services and poverty reduction, and sustainable growth, particularly in the rural areas. Despite this, the development of e-govern
At project formulation in 2013, the power supply condition in Myanmar was very poor. Electrification was only 28% in 2012, growing at a very slow rate from 16% in 2006. Power supply capacity was inadequate, especially during the dry season, resulting in persistent power outages.
Fifteen years of military rule in Bangladesh gave rise to a system of patron–client politics, severely constraining the institutionalization of good governance. After 1990, the national development plans of all the succeeding governments included good governance as a key goal to reduce corruption, improve service delivery, and reform the civil service.