Under Vision 2030, the government of Pakistan plans to raise the ratio of trade to gross domestic product (GDP) to 60% from 30% in 2007. To achieve this target, it launched the National Trade Corridor Improvement Program (NTCIP), which aims to bring about better connectivity and trade facilitation through improved logistics, and consequently enhance export competitiveness and diversification.
Within the past 2 decades, Cambodia had transformed from a post-conflict country to a small, open and vibrant economy, growing by more than 10% in 2004 and maintaining a double-digit expansion through 2007.
Viet Nam’s rapid economic progress has been accompanied by continually growing electricity demand for industrial development and private consumption. During 2000−2009, this demand grew at an average of 14% per year and, in 2011, was projected to grow at the same rate until 2015 and by 11% in 2016−2020.
Beijing and Tianjin municipalities and Hebei province make up the economically important Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei (BTH) region in the northern part of the People’s Republic China (PRC). Home to 109.2 million people, the region generated 10% of national gross domestic product (GDP) in 2013. It is an engine of PRC’s socioeconomic development, but poor air quality jeopardizes sustainable growth.
Besides public sector jobs, the micro, small, and medium enterprise (MSME) sector is deemed crucial in ensuring women’s economic participation in Armenia. Notwithstanding this, women MSMEs comprised only 32% of the registered MSMEs in 2012. This low ratio was attributable to women’s lack of business skills, knowledge, confidence, and access to networks and credit.