During 2000−2010, the People’s Republic of China (PRC) experienced double-digit economic growth and equally rapid growth in energy demand. Primary energy demand grew more than 110%, with carbon-intensive coal as the dominant source.
The Qinling Mountains, about 45 kilometers (km) southwest of Xi’an, the capital city of Shaanxi province in the People’s Republic of China (PRC), are a global biodiversity hotspot, supporting many endangered, rare, and/or endemic plant and animal species.
In 2011, 27% of the rural population of Yunnan, a mountainous area located in the southwest of the People’s Republic of China (PRC), was living below the national poverty line. The large poverty pockets were linked to inadequate road access, limited arable land, and cultural barriers to outmigration.
Qinghai province, across the Tibetan Plateau in the upper Yangtze and Yellow River valleys, is one of the poorest provinces in the People's Republic of China (PRC) because of its remote location, mountainous landscape, and extreme climate. Agriculture remains an important sector and improving water management to meet irrigation water needs is the primary agricultural development priority.
At program appraisal, Cambodia had made significant progress in improving basic education, particularly for girls. However, disparities based on gender, geographic location, and household economic status persisted.