Papua New Guinea (PNG) has very challenging geographic conditions, making the movement of people and goods difficult. This creates a total reliance on aviation for tourism and business, exports and imports, domestic freight, and social cohesion.
A healthy level of private investment is essential for Viet Nam to achieve the 7%–8% annual economic growth rate and the 8 million new jobs it has targeted under the Socio-Economic Development Strategy, 2011–2020. Increasingly, such contribution is expected to come from the domestic private sector, largely composed of small and medium−sized enterprises (SMEs).
Limited financial resources for upkeep and more than 10 years of security issues in the lead−up to this program resulted in deteriorating roads, bridges, and water supply facilities in the state of Jammu and Kashmir in northeastern India.
In January 2009, continuous and sometimes intense rains caused some of the worst flooding in Fiji’s history. Flash floods affected many areas but were particularly damaging in the northwestern section of the main island of Viti Levu.
Kiribati is challenged by geographic isolation, limited human and financial resources, and a narrow economic base. It is extremely vulnerable to economic and natural disaster shocks due to its high exposure to climate change, severe import dependency, and heavy reliance on income from external sources.