Kazakhstan, located at the center of transport flows between Asia and Europe, provides strategic arteries for emerging transcontinental routes. It has a great transit potential, as few land transport routes can avoid the country when going north to south or east to west of the two continents via Central Asia.
Landlocked Heilongjiang is the northernmost and 6th largest province of the People’s Republic of China (PRC). It borders the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in the west, the Russian Federation in the north and east, and the Jilin province in the south. It used to be a manufacturing base of products such as petroleum, coal, power plant equipment, metals, heavy machinery, steel, and wood.
Sindh is the second most populous province in Pakistan. In 2006, it had a total 38 million people, nearly half of whom lived in the urban areas. Karachi and Hyderabad, the province’s two largest cities, accounted for about 70% of the urban population.
During project appraisal in 2008, Odisha (formerly Orissa), in northeastern India, was one of the poorest states in the country. Agriculture employed 60% of its available labor and generated one-third of its gross domestic product.