The People’s Republic of China (PRC) has some of the worst land degradation in the world, with more than 40% of its land area, or about 3 million square kilometers (km2), adversely affected in 2005. The vast western region, which accounts for 71% of the PRC’s land area, with a population of more than 350 million at the time, including many of the country’s poorest and most vulnerable, was sign
Pakistan’s nationalization program in the 1970s led to significant government ownership of companies and parastatal bodies across all economic sectors. Recognizing the limitations of this setup, the government started privatizing selected entities in the 1990s.
Under its 2005 poverty reduction strategy, the government of Bangladesh prioritized technical and vocational education and training (TVET) to maximize the opportunities for self- and wage employment accompanying economic growth.
Landlocked Bihar, in the middle of India’s Gangetic plain region, is one of the country’s poorest, most populated, and economically backward states. Its road network, during project appraisal in 2008, was poor in terms of coverage and condition, and strengthening it to support the state’s economic development was a high priority.