In 2000, the government of Bangladesh conducted a prefeasibility study for the construction of a bridge across the Padma River that separates the southwest zone from other parts of the country, including the north-central zone where the national capital of Dhaka is located.
India’s National Power Grid Development Investment Program, supported by the Asian Development Bank (ADB), was designed to increase transmission capacity and affordable and reliable power supply for sustained economic growth.
West Bengal is the 13th largest and 4th most populous state of India. It recorded an average fiscal deficit of 4.3% of gross state domestic product (GSDP) from 2007 to 2012—double the state average of 2.1% in India during the same period. The fiscal stress was driven by the state’s low own-tax revenue (OTR) effort and high nondiscretionary expenditure on salaries, interest, and pensions.
At program preparation, Afghanistan had one of the lowest electrification levels and per capita electricity consumption in the world. In 2008, only about 9% of the population had access to intermittent public electricity, and per capita electricity consumption was as low as 21 kilowatt hours (kWh) per year. Cities such as Kabul received electricity only 2–3 hours a day.
The Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (IMAR) of the Peoples’ Republic of China (PRC), which has considerable coal reserves and generates electricity for export to other provinces, depended on coal to meet more than 90% of its energy demand in 2008. As a result, although it had less than 2% of the PRC's population, its sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions were 5% of national emissions. Coal burning f