A difficult mountainous terrain and an inadequate transport system used to isolate southern Gansu in the western region of the People’s Republic of China (PRC). Before the project, Gansu's road density was just 9.1 kilometers (km) per 100 square kilometers (km2), or not even half the national average of 20 km per 100 km2. 24% of the villages had no road access and 25% had no bus service.
During project appraisal in 2010, poor transport connectivity was identified as a major development constraint for Nepal. Road transport, the predominant mode that accounted for more than 90% of passenger and freight transport, was supported by a strategic road network that provided links to major economic centers and neighboring countries.
Timor-Leste’s independence from Indonesia in 1999 was followed by a conflict that resulted in massive internal displacements and damage to infrastructure. Restoration of roads became critical to enable the return of the displaced population and the resumption of economic activity.
India’s National Capital Region (NCR), covering the National Capital Territory of Delhi and parts of Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, and Rajasthan, is one of the world’s largest urban agglomerations. In 2011, it had a population of 46 million, which was projected to increase to 64 million by 2021.