In April 2014, prolonged heavy rainfall associated with tropical cyclone Ita caused severe flooding in the Solomon Islands’ capital, Honiara, and the surrounding Guadalcanal province on Guadalcanal island. The storm damaged or destroyed roads, bridges, houses, water supply systems, and other major infrastructure. The government declared a state disaster for Honiara and all of Guadalcanal.
The World Risk Report 2012 ranked Tonga, a country of 176 islands and four island groups, second only to Vanuatu in terms of vulnerability to natural disasters. Natural disasters such as tropical cyclones and storm surges have been inflicting significant losses on Tonga’s economy while also depleting its cash reserves.
Yap state, with a population of 11,400 during project preparation, is one of the four states of the Federated States of Micronesia. In 2013, it was 100% dependent on imported diesel for power generation on the main island. Due to high diesel costs, power tariffs were high, and the Yap economy was vulnerable to fuel price shocks.