Sindh is the second most populous province of Pakistan. In 2006, nearly half of its 38 million people lived in the urban areas. Poor quality, inadequate, and unreliable urban services and increasing urban poverty were key challenges, particularly in the secondary cities of Sindh facing rapid population growth.
In May 2005, the government of Pakistan began implementing a series of integrated activities to ensure adequate power supply to meet the projected 8% annual economic growth set out in its Medium-Term Development Framework, 2005−2010.
Until the first half of this decade, Pakistan's public sector enterprises (PSEs) continued to have generally weak financial health and relied on significant regular fiscal transfers and sovereign credit guarantees to maintain their operations.
At the request of the government of Pakistan, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) approved an $810 million multitranche financing facility (MFF) for the Power Distribution Enhancement Investment Program in September 2008. The approved MFF amount, to be provided in four tranches, represented 15.6% of the country’s total power distribution sector investment plan for 2008–2017. The investment plan
Agriculture is central to the economic growth of Punjab and the incomes of the poor rural households in the province. But underperforming irrigation infrastructure and institutions constrained the productivity of irrigated agriculture that, at program appraisal, covered 8.4 million hectares, accounted for more than 26% of the provincial gross domestic product (GDP) and 66% of the national agri