In pursuit of export-driven growth, the government of Papua New Guinea (PNG) established discrete rural enclaves, which generated local jobs and a cash economy, in contrast to their surroundings where people relied on subsistence farming. However, these enclaves also inadvertently fostered the exchange of goods and cash for sex among the mostly impoverished surrounding populations.
In 2007, the port sector of Papua New Guinea (PNG) comprised 22 declared ports and many small wharves, jetties, and landing stages. However, only 5 of these ports had appropriate infrastructure and received international and coastal traffic. Lae Port was the most important port for international and domestic trade.
Papua New Guinea (PNG) has very challenging geographic conditions, making the movement of people and goods difficult. This creates a total reliance on aviation for tourism and business, exports and imports, domestic freight, and social cohesion.
At project appraisal, poor road conditions were adversely affecting the economy of Papua New Guinea’s (PNG) Highlands Region and the country’s export earnings. Travel times on the roads were excessive and routes were difficult, and in many locations, unsafe.