At program preparation, Afghanistan had one of the lowest electrification levels and per capita electricity consumption in the world. In 2008, only about 9% of the population had access to intermittent public electricity, and per capita electricity consumption was as low as 21 kilowatt hours (kWh) per year. Cities such as Kabul received electricity only 2–3 hours a day.
The Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (IMAR) of the Peoples’ Republic of China (PRC), which has considerable coal reserves and generates electricity for export to other provinces, depended on coal to meet more than 90% of its energy demand in 2008. As a result, although it had less than 2% of the PRC's population, its sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions were 5% of national emissions. Coal burning f
At program appraisal, the reliability of Bangladesh’s electricity supply was low and had become a major deterrent to economic development. By 2011, with more than half of Bangladesh’s population without access to electricity, improvements to electricity generation, transmission, and distribution systems were urgently required.
The Kyrgyz Republic, because of abundant hydropower resources, was the largest net power exporter in the Central Asian Power System during the 1990s and 2000s. However, load shedding was common during years when the river water levels and discharges were low due to hydrologic fluctuations.