At program preparation, Afghanistan had one of the lowest electrification levels and per capita electricity consumption in the world. In 2008, only about 9% of the population had access to intermittent public electricity, and per capita electricity consumption was as low as 21 kilowatt hours (kWh) per year. Cities such as Kabul received electricity only 2–3 hours a day.
At program appraisal, the reliability of Bangladesh’s electricity supply was low and had become a major deterrent to economic development. By 2011, with more than half of Bangladesh’s population without access to electricity, improvements to electricity generation, transmission, and distribution systems were urgently required.
The Kyrgyz Republic, because of abundant hydropower resources, was the largest net power exporter in the Central Asian Power System during the 1990s and 2000s. However, load shedding was common during years when the river water levels and discharges were low due to hydrologic fluctuations.
During project preparation, Sri Lanka’s power sector was struggling to meet the demand for a reliable and affordable supply of electricity and improvements to the electricity transmission and distribution networks were much needed.
In May 2005, the government of Pakistan began implementing a series of integrated activities to ensure adequate power supply to meet the projected 8% annual economic growth set out in its Medium-Term Development Framework, 2005−2010.