At program preparation, Afghanistan had one of the lowest electrification levels and per capita electricity consumption in the world. In 2008, only about 9% of the population had access to intermittent public electricity, and per capita electricity consumption was as low as 21 kilowatt hours (kWh) per year. Cities such as Kabul received electricity only 2–3 hours a day.
During project preparation, Sri Lanka’s power sector was struggling to meet the demand for a reliable and affordable supply of electricity and improvements to the electricity transmission and distribution networks were much needed.
The World Risk Report 2012 ranked Tonga, a country of 176 islands and four island groups, second only to Vanuatu in terms of vulnerability to natural disasters. Natural disasters such as tropical cyclones and storm surges have been inflicting significant losses on Tonga’s economy while also depleting its cash reserves.
Reliable power supply is essential to enhancing the quality of life and good performance of the power sector and reliable electricity services are vital to promoting private sector investments to diversify the economy and achieve sustainable economic growth.
The Rural Energy Project aimed to increase access to an economical and reliable energy supply of rural communities in selected provinces of Cambodia by expanding reliable grid electricity and improved cookstoves (ICS) supplies.