As it marked the return of international financers to hydropower following the World Commission on Dams report in 2000, the Nam Theun 2 Hydroelectric Project received unprecedented global scrutiny. In response, environmental and social impacts and revenue potentials were equally considered during project preparation, which comprised a lengthy, iterative, and consultative process, beginning wit
Rapid economic development, increasing industrialization, and greater access to electricity in Viet Nam had led to an average 13.5% annual growth in electricity demand from 2002 to 2007. To meet this rising demand, the government had taken major steps to develop the energy sector and, since 2000, had embarked on harnessing more environmentally sustainable energy sources.
During project appraisal, the Hebei South Power Grid (HSPG) serving the southern part of the Hebei province in the People’s Republic of China (PRC), had insufficient peaking capacity due to an unbalanced generation mix and inadequate transmission interconnections with neighboring provinces.
Afghanistan’s power generation, transmission, and distribution systems had been severely damaged by years of conflict, and by 2006, there was almost no transmission grid and generation was limited. The lack of generation capacity led to widespread load shedding throughout the country, with supply available for only a few hours a day.