Roads are the most important element of Azerbaijan’s in-land transport network and the country’s vehicle fleet was expected, as of 2007, to rapidly increase over the medium term. To expand the road network, as well as to rehabilitate/reconstruct sections that were in unsatisfactory condition because of inadequate maintenance funding and poor management of axle load control, the Asian Developme
In July 2006, the government of Azerbaijan developed its Road Network Development Program (RNDP), 2006–2015. The program aimed to improve the country’s road network, which was about 70% in poor condition, resulting in high transport costs, long delivery times, and traffic accidents. Such a condition constituted an impediment to non-oil sector growth and poverty reduction.
Investments to strengthen regional cooperation and integration (RCI) in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) have helped catalyze economic growth among GMS countries. However, enhanced connectivity and the movement of people within and across borders created increased vulnerabilities for the transmission of infectious diseases, including HIV/AIDS.
The Kyrgyz Republic, because of abundant hydropower resources, was the largest net power exporter in the Central Asian Power System during the 1990s and 2000s. However, load shedding was common during years when the river water levels and discharges were low due to hydrologic fluctuations.
During the first decade after Azerbaijan regained independence in 1991, most roads in the country were in an unsatisfactory condition because of insufficient maintenance funding and the weak enforcement of vehicle axle–load controls. A large part of the road network consequently required reconstruction or rehabilitation.