Despite improvements in rural infrastructure, the share of Bangladesh’s rural population with access to all-weather roads and paved rural roads was lower than that of other South Asian countries at project appraisal. Compared with 60% in India and 61% in Pakistan, only 37% of the country’s rural population had access to all-weather roads.
During project preparation, Bangladesh was one of the few countries that achieved gender parity up to secondary level. Net enrollment rates improved from 87.2% in 2005 to 93.9% in 2009. However, despite significant progress, primary education remained inadequate to ensure quality primary education for all children on a sustainable basis.
The government of Armenia, a landlocked country that depends on cross-border transport for trade, has been strengthening its economic linkages with neighboring countries to increase trade, investment opportunities, and jobs.