Nepal’s challenging terrain makes air transport an important part of the country’s overall transport system. Air transport provides access to many remote mountainous areas and is vital to achieving the government’s tourism targets and resulting economic benefits.
Bangladesh has undergone rapid socioeconomic progress in recent decades, attaining lower middle-income status in 2015. Between 2001 and 2019, poverty declined from 48.9% to 20.5%, and extreme poverty from 34.3% to 10.5%. However, the country has faced several challenges in its continuing climb to upper middle-income status. These challenges include (i) boosting investment to accelerate econo
Roads are the most important element of Azerbaijan’s in-land transport network and the country’s vehicle fleet was expected, as of 2007, to rapidly increase over the medium term. To expand the road network, as well as to rehabilitate/reconstruct sections that were in unsatisfactory condition because of inadequate maintenance funding and poor management of axle load control, the Asian Developme
At program appraisal, the reliability of Bangladesh’s electricity supply was low and had become a major deterrent to economic development. By 2011, with more than half of Bangladesh’s population without access to electricity, improvements to electricity generation, transmission, and distribution systems were urgently required.
Mongolia’s economy grew rapidly between 2004 and 2014. This propelled the country into middle-income status by 2011 and allowed it to expand its social welfare programs through large fiscal surpluses and distributed mining income. Social transfers, which accounted for about 40% of the income of poor people, significantly reduced poverty.