In July 2006, the government of Azerbaijan developed its Road Network Development Program (RNDP), 2006–2015. The program aimed to improve the country’s road network, which was about 70% in poor condition, resulting in high transport costs, long delivery times, and traffic accidents. Such a condition constituted an impediment to non-oil sector growth and poverty reduction.
Mongolia’s economy is heavily dependent on mining and vulnerable to shocks. It experienced a rapid downturn in 2016 due to the declining commodity prices and decelerating growth in the People’s Republic of China, the country’s neighbor and largest trading partner. These and other factors precipitated a steady decline in gross domestic product growth, from 17.5% in 2011 to only 1% in 2016.
Investments to strengthen regional cooperation and integration (RCI) in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) have helped catalyze economic growth among GMS countries. However, enhanced connectivity and the movement of people within and across borders created increased vulnerabilities for the transmission of infectious diseases, including HIV/AIDS.