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Asian Development Bank Support for Gender and Development – Phase II: Results from Country Case Studies

| country: Bangladesh Indonesia Lao, People’s Democratic Republic Nepal Pakistan Papua New Guinea | region: Regional

1. Several specific factors contribute to successful gender mainstreaming of ADB support. These include: (i) projects are more successful when coherence is strong between upstream analytical work, downstream project design and implementation; (ii) project-specific gender analysis strengthens responsiveness, and provides a foundation for assessing potential an actual impacts; (iii) project documents that pay explicit attention to gender-related targets, output and outcome indicators can facilitate monitoring of implementation progress; (iv) provision of resources to implement gender-focused design features is critical to both successful design and effective implementation; and (v) capacity development of executing and implementing agencies and others responsible for project implementation to address gender-related issues in the sector and project is crucial to effective implementation of gender-related design features. [Main text, para. 82]

2. Strengthening consultation and participation throughout the project cycle, and working with development partners and civil society organizations (CSOs) to improve coordination and collaboration around key issues, are important elements of strengthening country and project gender mainstreaming. The consultations with stakeholders, and notably development partners and CSOs, confirm that the different actors involved in gender mainstreaming projects bring important insights, experience, and perspectives to bear. ADB can support this through (i) engaging more fully with in-country gender working groups that provide opportunities to exchange ideas and share experience in gender mainstreaming; (ii) using in-country networks to develop and strengthen shared understandings of gender issues in developing member countries and to develop common approaches to addressing these issues; and (iii) working with partners to develop, in collaboration with government and civil society counterparts, approaches to tackling economic issues, including microfinance, private sector development and entrepreneurship, land tenure and rights, and approaches toward promoting women’s empowerment as called for in Millennium Development Goal 3 on gender equality. [Executive summary; Main text, para. 83]

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