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Cambodia: Primary Roads Restoration Project [Loan 1697-CAM]

| country: Cambodia

The project is not likely to achieve in the short to medium term the envisaged impact of improved road safety. One way in which the impact of the project could be enhanced is for the government to institute a vigorous regime of traffic law enforcement. Another way is for the government to analyze the main reasons for traffic accidents (e.g., unskilled drivers and road structures without sufficient facilities for pedestrians and bicycles, etc.) and undertake necessary measures to reduce such accidents.

The length of roads rehabilitated was reduced by almost one-third (from 577 km to 405 km) due to the cancellation of some of the contracts that were transferred to the Emergency Flood Rehabilitation Project after the floods in 2000. This flexible approach allowed the more seriously affected road segments of the National Road 5 and National Road 6 to be rehabilitated under ADB’s quick-disbursing emergency lending modality, thus quickly alleviating the more serious transport bottlenecks along both national roads. This is a good example of the judicious use of lending modalities to maximize development impact.

There is a need to carefully evaluate the relative performance, cost effectiveness, and suitability of low cost double bitumen road pavement design and standard asphalt concrete type road pavement to guide future projects in Cambodia in particular and the region in general.

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